Stem-cell transplant: A reward treatment for scleroderma

Stem Cell Research Pipette

Some medical news stories don’t get the attention they deserve. Perhaps it’s because the disease is rare and not many people have ever heard of it.

I think this story about a new treatment for scleroderma is a good example.

What’s scleroderma?

The term “scleroderma” means “hard skin.” The name comes from the way it causes thickening and hardening of the skin. With “limited scleroderma,” the disease is mostly confined to the skin. With the “systemic” form of disease, other major organs, including the digestive tract, lungs, heart, and kidneys, may be affected as well. It is considered an “autoimmune disease”; there is evidence that the immune system of people with scleroderma is abnormal and appears to be attacking its host.

Better treatments are needed

Since the disease was first described by Hippocrates around 400 bc, reliably effective treatments have been unavailable. Existing treatments include moisturizers, medications to prevent heartburn and to improve circulation, and immune-suppressing medications. However, despite treatment, many people continue to suffer with bothersome symptoms and life-threatening complications such as severe scarring of the lungs or kidney failure.

A new study of stem-cell transplantation for scleroderma

Researchers publishing in a recent edition of the New England Journal of Medicine describe a new approach to treating severe scleroderma: stem-cell transplantation. With this treatment, stem cells (which can develop into many different types of cells) are removed and the body’s immune system is essentially wiped out with chemotherapy and radiation. The stem cells are then returned to the body where they rebuild the immune system — a sort of “rebooting” of the immune system.

It’s risky, especially soon after treatment begins, because there is a period of time in which the immune system doesn’t function well enough to protect the person from infections. In this study, 36 people with severe scleroderma received stem-cell transplantation and were compared with 39 otherwise similar people who received a year of standard immune-suppressing medication.

After 4.5 years, those assigned to receive stem-cell transplantation had

  • improved overall event-free survival compared with standard treatment (79% vs. 50%); event-free survival means survival without serious lung, kidney or heart complications
  • less need for immune suppressing medication (9% vs. 44%)
  • more deaths related to treatment (3% vs. 0%).

These findings suggest that stem-cell transplantation may be much better than standard treatment for people with severe scleroderma even though it is riskier in the short run.

What’s next?

Despite these encouraging results, additional research is needed to identify those with scleroderma who are the best candidates for stem cell transplantation and to reduce the risk of this treatment. There’s still plenty of room for improvement: several study subjects treated with stem cell transplantation died within 5 years of treatment.  So, you can expect to hear about additional research that seeks to refine stem cell transplantation and other treatment approaches for scleroderma.

Scleroderma remains a mysterious and often deadly disease despite decades of research. So, you can also expect researchers to report on new findings regarding how and why it develops in the first place. In addition, stem-cell transplantation would not be appropriate for less severe cases of scleroderma; we need better treatments for them as well.

News such as this represents progress for a condition that badly needs it. While you may not have heard much about this study in the news, it’s certainly one that will catch the attention of people with scleroderma, their loved ones, and their doctors.

Bible verses for today’s meditation and inspiration: Matthew E. McLaren

I seek you with all my heart; do not let me stray from your commands. Psalm 119:10 NIV

Be strong and take heart, all you who hope in the Lord. Psalm 31:24 NIV

Teach us to number our days, that we may gain a heart of wisdom. Psalm 90:12 NIV

I will praise you with an upright heart as I learn your righteous laws. Psalm 119:7 NIV

Blessed are those who keep his statutes and seek him with all their heart. Psalm 119:2 NIV

Truly I tell you, if anyone says to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and does not doubt in their heart but believes that what they say will happen, it will be done for them. Mark 11:23 NIV

May these words of my mouth and this meditation of my heart be pleasing in your sight, Lord, my Rock and my Redeemer. Psalm 19:14 NIV | speaking prayer

But be very careful to keep the commandment and the law that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you: to love the Lord your God, to walk in obedience to him, to keep his commands, to hold fast to him and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul. Joshua 22:5 NIV

Recommended contacts for prayer request and Bible study

www.agapetemplesda.com

www.adventistontario.org

https://www.hopechannel.com/au/learn/courses

breathoflife.tv/

https://3abn.org/all-streams/3abn.html

http://www.nadadventist.org/article/15/contact-us

https://www.adventist.org/en/utility/contact/

http://www.itiswritten.com/

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