Early menopause linked to higher risk of stroke

Women who go through menopause before they turn 40 may be more likely than women who undergo the transition between 50 and 54 to have a stroke, according to a study published in the August 2021 issue of the journal Stroke.

Researchers identified this elevated risk after looking at data collected from 1993 to 1997 from 16,244 postmenopausal women, ages 26 to 70, who were part of a large database. Participants were asked about their age at menopause, as well as about their overall health, reproductive history, diet, and lifestyle.

Some 830 women went on to have a stroke within the next 15 years. After adjusting for risk factors, such as smoking, blood pressure, and body mass index, the researchers found that women who went through menopause before they turned 40 had a slightly higher stroke risk than those who were older at the time of menopause. For each year after age 50 that passed before a woman entered menopause, the risk of a later stroke dropped by 2%. Higher risk was only seen for the most common type of stroke — ischemic stroke, which is caused by a clot or other obstruction that blocks blood flow to the brain.

Risk was not higher for hemorrhagic stroke, which occurs when a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts. The link between stroke and an earlier menopause was highest among women who entered menopause naturally, but risk was still elevated in women who entered menopause when they had their ovaries surgically removed.

Researchers speculated that risk rises because of a decline in a female hormone called estradiol, which may either directly harm the blood vessels or elevate other risk factors for stroke.

Bible verses for today’s meditation and inspiration: Matthew E. McLaren

Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-18 NIV

The Lord your God is with you, the Mighty Warrior who saves. He will take great delight in you; in his love he will no longer rebuke you, but will rejoice over you with singing. Zephaniah 3:17

Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice! Philippians 4:4 NIV

Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer. Romans 12:12 NIV

When anxiety was great within me, your consolation brought me joy. Psalm 94:19 NIV

The Lord has done it this very day; let us rejoice today and be glad. Psalm 118:24 NIV

Though the fig tree does not bud and there are no grapes on the vines, though the olive crop fails and the fields produce no food, though there are no sheep in the pen and no cattle in the stalls, yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:17-18 NIV

You make known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand. Psalm 16:11 NIV

Though you have not seen him, you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy, for you are receiving the end result of your faith, the salvation of your souls. 1 Peter 1:8-9 NIV

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