Risk factors for benign breast conditions identified

X-ray Digital Mammogram both side CC view and MLO . mammography or breast scan for Breast cancer showing a benign calcification in left breast without evidence of malignancy (BIRADS2).

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Noncancerous breast changes appear to be more common in women with a family history of breast cancer. That’s one of several factors linked to benign breast problems, according to a study published online June 25, 2021, by JAMA Network Open. The study looked at 61,617 women, ages 40 to 69, who underwent screening mammograms in Sweden. Of this group, 5,341 women were found to have benign breast conditions during the average 35-year follow-up period. The researchers found the following factors were linked to an increased risk of certain benign breast problems:

A family history of breast cancer. Premenopausal women with a family history of the disease were twice as likely to develop a type of noncancerous abnormal cell growth called epithelial proliferation with atypia (EPA). This condition can raise breast cancer risk. They also were more likely to have several benign breast conditions that don’t generally raise cancer risk.

Postmenopausal hormone therapy. Women who used hormones after menopause had higher rates of EPA, in addition to two other benign conditions that don’t raise cancer risk, compared with women who did not use hormones. The authors pointed out that more research is needed to determine the impact of taking hormones.

The study also linked several factors to lower rates of benign breast conditions:

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Obesity. Noncancerous breast conditions were less likely to develop in women who were obese than in women of normal weight, with the exception of epithelial proliferation (EP), another type of abnormal cell growth, similar to EPA but without atypical cells. It can also raise the risk for breast cancer (but less so than EPA).

Not giving birth. Premenopausal women who had not given birth were less likely to develop EP compared with women who’d borne three or more children. However, they were more likely to develop fluid-filled cysts.

Use of oral contraceptives. Women who took birth control pills were less likely to develop a type of breast growth called fibroadenoma with atypia, fibrocystic changes, and cysts compared with those who did not take the pills.

Image: mr.suphachai praserdumrongchai/Getty Images

Bible verses for today’s meditation and inspiration: Matthew E. McLaren

Philippians 3:10
Ah, Sovereign Lord, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too hard for you.
Jeremiah 32:17
May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace as you trust in him, so that you may overflow with hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Romans 15:13
His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness.
2 Peter 1:3
For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile.
Romans 1:16
Wealth and honor come from you; you are the ruler of all things. In your hands are strength and power to exalt and give strength to all.
1 Chronicles 29:12
But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.
Acts 1:8
The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.”
Luke 1:35
For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, and in Christ you have been brought to fullness. He is the head over every power and authority.
Colossians 2:9-10
The Lord said to Satan, “Very well, then, everything he has is in your power, but on the man himself do not lay a finger.” Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord.

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