Can wearing contacts harm your vision?

Since I first started wearing contacts decades ago, they seemed like a minor miracle. Not having to wear glasses made driving, sports, and everyday life better.

But then I’d see the occasional report of sight-threatening infections and other problems related to contact lens use. These were alarming, to say the least — almost enough to consider giving up my contacts. Wearing glasses isn’t so bad, right?

What are the risks of wearing contact lenses?

There are many types of contact lenses — hard, soft, daily wear, and extended wear — all of which are considered quite safe. But rarely, serious problems may occur. And since about 45 million people in the US wear contact lenses, a risk affecting even a small percentage of users could translate to many thousands of people affected.

The most common concerns and conditions related to wearing contact lenses include

  • eye irritation or pain
  • swelling around the eye
  • blurry vision or sensitivity to light
  • conjunctivitis (“pink eye”)
  • corneal ulcers (injury to the smooth, clear front portion of the eye)
  • infectious keratitis (inflammation of the cornea due to an infection).

Although minor irritation may go away on its own within a day or two, stop wearing your contacts and call an eye doctor if you have severe or persistent symptoms. Usually, this requires evaluation by an ophthalmologist.

Sleeping while wearing contacts may cause serious harm

The cornea is the transparent outer layer of the eye. It protects the eye and helps focus light on the back of the eye, enabling you to see clearly. While contacts rarely harm the cornea, sleeping in contacts not intended for extended wear can make a corneal infection or even an ulcer more likely to happen.

In a 2018 report, doctors described the stories of six people with serious eye infections after wearing their soft contact lenses while sleeping. For example:

  • A man reported sleeping in his contact lenses during a hunting trip. Soon after, he developed a corneal infection with an ulcer.
  • A woman regularly slept in her contacts, used them for longer than recommended, and did not see an eye doctor for many years. After developing sharp pain in her right eye, she was diagnosed with infectious keratitis.
  • A man wearing contact lenses for two straight weeks developed cornea infections in both eyes.

Treatment for these problems included prolonged courses of antibiotics. Additionally, two people needed a corneal transplant. Even with these treatments, some people lost vision.

Serious problems like this are rare: estimates suggest keratitis occurs in two to 20 per 10,000 contact lens wearers. However, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates there are up to a million visits per year to emergency rooms and other outpatient healthcare providers for problems related to contact lens use.

If you wear contacts, take note

As these cases demonstrate, unless you use extended-wear contacts specifically approved for wearing overnight, you shouldn’t sleep in them. Even then, it’s safest to take them out before bed.

Other recommendations for safe contact use are:

  • Ask your eye doctor which solutions you should use and stick with them. Store them in a cool place.
  • Wash your hands well before touching your contact lenses.
  • Don’t put your contacts in your mouth or spit on them (yes, there are people who do that, especially with hard contacts).
  • Don’t let hand creams or makeup come into contact with your lenses. Put your lenses in before applying makeup, and take out your contacts before removing your makeup.
  • Keep your lens case clean and dry between uses, and get a new one at least every few months.
  • Don’t overuse your contacts. Change your lenses as recommended, whether daily, weekly, or as directed by your eye doctor.
  • Get an eye examination at least once a year.

If you notice problems, such as redness or pain in your eye or a change in vision, take your lenses out right away and let your eye doctor know.

If you have serious problems despite taking good care of your lenses, report it to the FDA MedWatch program. By tracking these reports, the FDA can issue alerts if necessary.

The bottom line

Fortunately, serious problems related to contact lens wear are quite rare, probably because the recommended care of lenses reliably prevents them. So, be conscientious about taking care of your contact lenses — this is one situation in which you really shouldn’t cut corners. And if keeping up with the recommended routine is truly too much of a bother, talk to your eye doctor about other options. Maybe you’ll decide that wearing glasses isn’t so bad after all.

  1. Bible verses for today’s meditation and inspiration: Matthew E. McLaren
  2. Matthew 18:15
    If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother.
  3. Ephesians 1:7-8
    In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace, which he made to abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence.
  4. Luke 6:37
    Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.
  5. 1 Peter 3:9
    Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing.
  6. Romans 6:23
    For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
  7. John 3:16-17
    For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.
  8. Matthew 18:21-22
    Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” Jesus answered, “I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times.”
  9. Joel 2:13
    Rend your heart and not your garments. Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love, and he relents from sending calamity.
  10. Psalm 65:3
    Though we are overwhelmed by our sins, you forgive them all.
  11. Romans 4:5
    But people are counted as righteous, not because of their work, but because of their faith in God who forgives sinners.

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