Blood clots can be lifesavers when they form outside the bloodstream to stop bleeding from an injury. But they can wreak havoc when they form inside the bloodstream. A blood clot in a coronary artery can cause a heart attack. One in the brain can cause a stroke.
Blood clots that form in a leg vein cause a problem known as venous thromboembolism, or VTE. If the clot stays in the leg, it can cause swelling or pain. If it breaks away and travels to the lungs, it can cause a potentially deadly pulmonary embolism.
In about half of people who develop a VTE, doctors can identify what caused it. Common causes include an injury; surgery; pregnancy; taking hormones, such as testosterone or estrogen; an increased risk of clotting due to a genetic disorder or other diseases; or slowed blood flow caused by prolonged bed rest, wearing a cast, or sitting for a long time. In the other half, VTE is something of a mystery. These are called “unprovoked” VTEs
Cancer can make blood clot more easily. That’s why doctors often worry that a hidden, undiagnosed cancer is behind an unprovoked VTE, and order extensive testing such as CT scans to look for anything suspicious. Results of a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) suggest that these searches are usually fruitless — and costly.
Less may be more
For the NEJM study, Canadian researchers randomly assigned 854 patients with unprovoked VTEs to one of two groups.
Half had the usual tests done for people with unprovoked VTEs. These include:
- a complete history and physical exam
- routine blood work
- a chest x-ray
- sex- and age-appropriate cancer screenings.
The other half underwent comprehensive testing to look for hidden cancer. This included all of the “standard” tests plus enhanced CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis. Not only are these tests expensive, but they also expose people to radiation — and this exposure almost always turns out to be unnecessary.
Only 4% of the 854 people in the study were diagnosed with new cancer during the 12 months after the clot appeared. And there was only a 1% chance of missing hidden cancer with standard testing, as opposed to comprehensive testing.
An unprovoked VTE can be frightening, especially for people who have heard about possible links between VTEs and cancer. These results provide added reassurance that the risk of a hidden cancer is very low. And doing additional imaging to hunt for one just adds cost and radiation exposure without health benefits.
Some VTEs clearly happen “out of the blue.” Others may be preventable. Here are some things you can do to prevent both provoked and unprovoked VTEs:
- Stay active.
- Get up from your desk, couch, or chair and take short walks as often as you can.
- When sitting, move your feet up and down often to squeeze your calf muscles. This is especially important when sitting for a long time, as you might during an intercontinental flight or a long bus, train, or car ride.
- Get your weight into the healthy range and keep it there.
- Don’t smoke.
- Drink plenty of water, especially when traveling long distances.
If you are admitted to the hospital or have surgery, ask your doctor about preventive treatment with blood thinners or leg “compressors.”
Bible verses for today’s meditation and inspiration: Matthew E. McLaren
2 Corinthians 13:9 For we rejoice when we ourselves are weak but you are strong; this we also pray for, that you be made complete.
Colossians 1:28 We proclaim Him, admonishing every man and teaching every man with all wisdom, so that we may present every man complete in Christ.
Colossians 4:12 Epaphras, who is one of your number, a bondslave of Jesus Christ, sends you his greetings, always laboring earnestly for you in his prayers, that you may stand perfect and fully assured in all the will of God.
2 Corinthians 10:15-16 not boasting beyond our measure, that is, in other men’s labors, but with the hope that as your faith grows, we will be, within our sphere, enlarged even more by you, so as to preach the gospel even to the regions beyond you, and not to boast in what has been accomplished in the sphere of another.
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We ought always to give thanks to God for you, brethren, as is only fitting, because your faith is greatly enlarged, and the love of each one of you toward one another grows ever greater;
2 Peter 3:18 but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. Amen.
Ephesians 1:17-18 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of Him. I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 3:16-19 that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man, so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; and that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, read more
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